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خانه 10 آموزش زبان 10 504 10 آموزش واژگان ۵۰۴- لغت شماره ۱

آموزش واژگان ۵۰۴- لغت شماره ۱

 

۵۰۴ Words|Lesson 1|Abandon

 

📚 ۵۰۴ Words – Lesson 1

abandon /əˈbændən/ (v.)   اِبَندان 

🌟 abandons (-z) abandoning (-ɪŋ) abandoned (-z) abandonment (-mənt)

👉 desert, leave without to come back,  quit                                                                                                                                                         

🔷 Syn: leave, give up, stop, surrender, forsake, renounce

🔶 Ant: continue, persist, restraint

👈 ترک کردن ، ترک کردن بدون قصد بازگشت، تسلیم شدن، رها کردن، (نقشه، فکر و غیره) دست کشیدن از، کنار گذاشتن

 

Spotlight 1:

 

This is an interesting word with a French background; in that language it meant “to put under another’s control,” hence, “to give up” In Lesson 19 you will find the new word “ban”, and may discover how it is related to abandon. A good dictionary will also show you the connection with other words such as “bandit” and “contraband“.

[کلمه] abandon واژه جالبی است با پیشینه فرانسوی که در آن زبان به معنی تحت تسلط دیگری قرار گرفتن است و از اینرو معنای تسلیم شدن هم دارد. در درس ۱۹ به واژه جدید ban (ممنوع کردن) بر می‌خورید و ممکن است متوجه نحوه ارتباطی که با abandon (ترک کردن) دارد شوید. یک دیکشنری خوب ارتباط واژه abandon را با سایر واژه ها نیز از جمله bandit (راهزن، سارق) و contraband (قاچاق) نشان خواهد داد.

 

Spotlight 2: Origin of the word

 

from a- (to, at) + bandon (control) (related to ban).

 

The original sense was ‘bring under control’, later ‘give in to the control of, surrender to’.

 

🏻 Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

 

🔹Abandon oneself to sth 

🔸خود را به دست (چیزی) سپردن، خود را تسلیم (چیزی) کردن، (در چیزی) غرق شدن

🔹Abandon to

🔸واگذار کردن به، سپردن به

🔹With gay/wild abandon 

🔸با سرخوشی، با بی‌خیالی، با بی قیدی

🔹With abandon 

🔸با بی‌قیدی و بی‌پروایی

🔹To abandon ship 

🔸کشتی را هنگام خطر ترک کردن

🔹To abandon a new-born infant 

🔸نوزادی را سر راه گذاشتن

🔹Abandoned child

🔸بچه سرراهی

📝 Examples:

When Roy abandoned his family, the police went looking for him.

وقتی “روی”  خانواده اش را ترک کرد، پلیس به جستجویش پرداخت.

 ✳ The soldier could not abandon his friends who were hurt in battle.

سرباز نتوانست دوستان مجروح خود را در میدان جنگ رها کند.

Because Rose was poor, she had to abandon her idea of going to college.

چون  “رز” فقیر بود، مجبور بود فکر رفتن به دانشگاه را کنار بگذارد.

We had to abandon the car and walk the rest of the way.

ما مجبور شدیم ماشین را رها کنیم وبقیه راه پیاده برویم.

He abandoned his companion in the middle of the journey.

در وسط سفر دوست خود را ترک کرد.

She abandon her husband because her husband was very bad.

او شوهرش را ترک کرد زیرا شوهرش خیلی بد بود.

The house was abandoned before completion of the remodeling.

خانه قبل از اتمام تعمیر ترک شده بود.

The driver was forced to abandon his car when two of the tires became flat.

وقتی هر دو تایر ماشین پنچر شدند راننده مجبور شد ماشین خود را رها کند.

 

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary

 
aban don verb, noun
BrE / əˈbændən /
NAmE / əˈbændən /
verb

۱ to leave sb, especially sb you are responsible for, with no intention of returning

~ sb The baby had been abandoned by its mother.
People often simply abandon their pets when they go abroad.
~ sb to sth The study showed a deep fear among the elderly of being abandoned to the care of strangers.

۲ to leave a thing or place, especially because it is impossible or dangerous to stay

leave
~ sth Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.
He gave the order to abandon ship (= to leave the ship because it was sinking) .
~ sth to sb/sth They had to abandon their lands to the invading forces.

۳ ~ sth to stop doing sth, especially before it is finished; to stop having sth

They abandoned the match because of rain.
She abandoned hope of any reconciliation.
We had to abandon any further attempt at negotiation.

۴ to stop supporting or helping sb; to stop believing in sth

~ sb The country abandoned its political leaders after the war.
~ sth By 1930 he had abandoned his Marxist principles.

۵ ~ yourself to sth ( literary ) to feel an emotion so strongly that you can feel nothing else

He abandoned himself to despair.
noun
 word origin
[ uncountable ] ( formal )
an uncontrolled way of behaving that shows that sb does not care what other people think
He signed cheques with careless abandon.

Extra examples ترجمه های پیشنهادی خودتون رو در  پایین پست ارسال کنید

 

He abandoned the army for politics.

She abandoned her teaching career in favour of sport.

The car was found abandoned in a nearby town.

The government does not propose to abandon the project altogether.

The plans for reform were quietly abandoned.

The town had been hastily abandoned.

This principle has now been effectively abandoned.

Traditional policies were simply abandoned.

He gave the order to abandon ship.

I have abandoned hope of any reconciliation.

They had to abandon their lands and property to the invading forces.

They were forced to abandon the game because of rain.

Work on the new building was finally abandoned.

 

Oxford Collocations Dictionary

 

adverb altogether completely entirely
verb + abandon  be forced to have to decide to
preposition in favour favor of for

 

 

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